********** C E N S U S 2 0 0 0 B U L L E T I N
Vol. 3 - No. 1 Jan. 25,
Following the U.S. Supreme Court's 5-to-4 ruling today
against the use, for purposes of congressional
apportionment, of statistical sampling in Census 2000,
Commerce Department Secretary William M. Daley issued the
"To begin with, let me say that we are very grateful that
the Supreme Court issued its ruling quickly, although we
obviously are disappointed with the decision.
"Our focus will continue to be conducting the most accurate
census possible. "As the President said in his State of the
Union Address, 'since every person in America counts, every
American ought to be counted.'
"As everyone knows, the 1990 census was the first in fifty
years to be less accurate than its predecessor.
"It contained 12 million mistakes, undercounting millions of
Americans, especially children and members of racial and
ethnic minority groups. "The Census Bureau proposed the use
of sampling to correct these errors, an approach that was
strongly supported by the National Academy of Sciences and
the statistical community.
"It is very important to understand that the only issue
before the Supreme Court was the use of sampling for
apportioning the seats in the House of Representatives among
"The court itself summarized its ruling by stating 'we
conclude that the Census Act prohibits the proposed uses of
statistical sampling in calculating the population for
purposes of apportionment.'
"In reaching that conclusion, the Court actually affirmed
the legality of sampling for other purposes.
"The Census Bureau is reviewing the Court's opinion and the
results of the dress rehearsal in order to ensure that the
2000 census is designed to produce the most accurate
accounting of the American people and, of course, to comply
fully with the law.
"Thank you very much."
Earlier in the day, Census Bureau Director Kenneth Prewitt
said, "As I have said many times, the Census Bureau is
committed to only one principle -- to provide the most
accurate, scientifically sound census possible in accordance
with the law.
"The Census Bureau career professionals will conduct the
census for 2000 that provides the nation apportionment
numbers that do not rely on statistical sampling." For
further information about Census 2000 Bulletins, contact J.
Paul Wyatt on 301-457-3052 (fax: 301-457-3670; e-mail:
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