Ed, I must admit I am a little confused. I thought the latest Supreme Court decision on this matter was that "sampling" (vs. counting) was not to be used in redistricting.Bob--you are absolutely right. The Supreme Court found that sampling could not be used in coming up with the total count of the population for allocation of Congressional seats. That was already done. What was left undecided was allowing the states to use adjusted counts for figuring out their Congressional districts or for allocating money. Some states I believe went ahead and passed their own laws and prohibited the use of adjusted numbers for their own districts. I don't know off hand which ones. Some others couldn't because their state laws had provisions tied to civil rights laws that said the US Justice Department has to review and rule on the action. The Justice Department has not made any rulings until they see what undercounts might be. Virginia, I believe is a state that has to wait for a Justice Department Ruling. They tried to pass a law and I think someone took it to court. A much more detailed explanation of the Virginia situation be found at http://www.census2000.org/news/01/jan5.html
Some of the earlier newsletters on the census 2000 site get into more detail than what I just tried to pull from my head. They are at http://www.census2000.org/news/
Hope this helps to clarify what is getting to be a legally messy issue.